Who lives above the clouds? Discussing Pamiriness and Tajikness with Dr. Dagikhudo Dagiev
This report is predicated on analysis carried out in Tajikistan in July and August 2015 and July and September 2016, with extra interviews with survivors and experts performed by cellphone and with survivors of home violence in and outdoors of Tajikistan between August 2018 and July 2019. One male and one female Human Rights Watch researcher carried out 68 in-individual interviews. Forty-seven of these have been in-individual interviews with survivors of domestic violence and 21 have been in-individual with experts, service suppliers, lawyers, local NGO activists, government officers, and representatives of international organizations. An further thirteen interviews (eight with survivors and 5 with specialists) had been conducted by phone between August 2018 and July 2019, including as much as a total of 81 interviews. The regulation goals to make it simpler for victims of family violence to get protection orders and services.
Implementation of the Family Violence Law
Because early marriage limits younger married girls’ information and expertise, assets, social support networks, mobility, and autonomy, they typically have little power in relation to their husband or his family. This report and its suggestions focus totally on violence in opposition to women by male companions and by the hands of moms-in-legislation, and don’t look at the experience of people that have survived different forms of “family violence,” together with violence dedicated in opposition to male or identical-intercourse partners, or children. Human Rights Watch makes no statistical claims based mostly on these interviews relating to the prevalence of domestic violence in Tajikistan. However, the analysis illustrates extreme forms of domestic violence that persist across Tajikistan and sheds priceless gentle on systemic issues within the authorities’s response.
Also, the dominance of the English language in local weather change discussions must be rectified to be able to totally interact Russian-skilled consultants throughout Central and Inner Asia. The challenge is a collaboration with scientists Professor Abdusattor Saidov (Institute of Zoology and Parasitology of Academy of Sciences, Tajikistan) and Dr. Abdulnazar Abdulnazarov (Pamir Biological Institute of Academy of Sciences, Tajikistan). Its aim is to bring collectively main Tajik scientists and local communities to doc and synergize scientific and conventional data on climate change. The means that individual folks understand climate change is complicated.
According to government figures, about one in five Tajik women who are in a partnership will expertise some type of physical or sexual violence of their lifetime. But rights teams say that, if all women and incidences exterior the home have been included, the determine could be much larger. A mountainous Central Asian nation of some 8 million individuals, Tajikistan is among the many world’s 30 poorest international locations. Poverty declined from 81% in 1999 to 47 % in 2009 and it’s estimated that poverty dropped to about 32% in 2014. Extreme poverty dropped even sooner —from seventy three% to 14% during period1.
In 2018 and 2019, the Access to Information venture worked with Vecherka to construct up its capability in multimedia journalism and viewers engagement. Under the guidance, mentorship, and palms-on trainings provided by Internews, Vecherka also launched an data campaign that advocates for the rights of ladies and youngsters with disabilities. On December 10, 2018, the Bureau on Human Rights and Rule of Law, a Tajik organization, acknowledged Gulnora Amirshoeva as the most effective journalist reporting human rights issues, with a give attention to promoting the rights of ladies and kids. Amirshoeva, the Editor-in-Chief of Vecherka newspaper, was praised for raising issues about conventional and new media in 2018, and for expressing her civic stance by way of journalism. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), adopted November 20, 1989, G.A.
The adoption of the Family Violence Law was a positive step within the effort to stop and combat domestic violence in Tajikistan. According to Tajikistan’s sixth periodic report to the CEDAW Committee in 2018, a total of 1,296 complaints of abuse or violence have been made to police during the five-12 months interval since Tajikistan’s last review. The government advised that 1,036 of these complaints have been investigated by district police inspectors, and 260 by inspectors for the prevention of home violence. Men had been the alleged perpetrators in 996 complaints, and women in 296 complaints. Authorities launched 65 felony prosecutions beneath numerous articles of the Criminal Code during this period, whereas the authorities declined to pursue legal prosecutions in 1,003 instances.
Human Rights Watch interview with Tabassum T., Khorasan, Khatlon province, July 22, 2015. Human Rights Watch interview with OSCE Program Office gender expert Viorelia Rusu, Dushanbe, July 27, 2015; Human Rights Watch phone interview with OSCE Program Office official with Gender Unit, Dushanbe, March 26, 2019.
Registering marriages makes it simpler for women to implement their rights, for example to marital property, alimony, or child assist, within the occasion of divorce, as with out registration, their marriage isn’t acknowledged by the state. As is obvious from the legislation’s title, its focus is on prevention, somewhat than safety or prosecution.
Alieva suspects that is most likely as a result of she is bringing in some money from a small rental enterprise she arrange on the back of the programme. Her village, in the southern plains of Jomi, was chosen for a pilot project aimed toward decreasing Tajikistan’s appalling ranges of violence against women. Tajikistan has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1993 and its Optional protocol in 2014, as well as the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families in 2002.
The Jehovah’s Witnesses remained banned across the country and members of the Sunni missionary group Jamaat-ut Tabligh came beneath elevated stress. In March, President Rakhmon signed a brand new law, making it necessary for non secular teams to register with the authorities before 1 January 2010. To obtain tajik woman the registration the applicant should prove that the group has existed in Tajikistan for a minimum of five years. The law additionally states that all printed or imported religious literature must be permitted by the government.
In the late Soviet period, Tajik girls still generally married whereas under-age, regardless of official condemnation of this follow as a remnant of the feudal Central Asian mentality. The authorities has calculated that the water volume in the country’s Pamir Mountain glaciers has decreased 25% since 1960. These glaciers presently present over 50% of all the water sources of the Aral Sea Basin — quenching the world’s forty million people. The glacial soften’s impact on hydrology regimes may even have severe consequences for Tajikistan’s ecological communities.
Tackling violence towards women: classes from Tajikistan
Human Rights Watch telephone interview with women’s rights lawyer, Dushanbe, December 17, 2018; Human Rights Watch telephone interview with NGO consultant, Isfara, December 18, 2018. In addition, at time of writing, the Tajik government had not responded to several requests by Human Rights Watch seeking information on the number of prosecutions of perpetrators of home violence for the reason that law was passed in 2013. Under the Family Violence Law, domestic violence is defined because the intentional and illegal act of bodily, psychological, sexual or financial abuse committed within the household/household by a partner or a member of the family in direction of a spouse or family member. The sufferer is a person who suffers from bodily ache or injury to his/her well being or experiences a risk inflicting such hurt, and finally has his/her human rights and freedom violated.